Hooker, Virginia Matheson. “History, Literature and Social Change: Harun Aminurrashid’s Independence Novel “Panglima Awang”.” Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 72, no. 2 (277) (1999): 5-16. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41493390.
Koster, G. L. “A Voyage to Freedom: Imagining the Portuguese in Harun Aminurrashid’s Historical Novel Panglima Awang.” Indonesia and the Malay World 37, no. 109 (November 2009): 375–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639810903269342.
Enrique of Malacca may have been the first person to round the globe – but why isn’t he mentioned as often as Ferdinand Magellan or Juan Elcano? Our first guest, Professor Romain Bertrand (Sciences Po), speaks about the role Enrique played in the circumnavigation and his evolving legacy in Europe and Southeast Asia.
You can get Prof Bertrand’s book, Qui a fait le tour de quoi ? : L’affaire Magellan (Who went around what?: The Magellan Expedition) on Amazon or fnac, currently only available in French.
This episode examines the life and legacy of Ferdinand Magellan, who led the first circumnavigation around the world. We look at how he has been remembered not just in the West, but also in the Philippines. Check this podcast out on anchor.fm/hoc-podcast.
This episode explores the failed conquest of Aden (1513) and the colonisation of Hormuz (1515). What was the significance of the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf in early Portuguese expansion? Check this podcast out on anchor.fm/hoc-podcast.
The 1512 Portuguese colonisation of the Spice Islands (Moluccas/Maluku) was part of a much bigger desire to partake in the spice trade. But why were these islands so important? What were spices used for in Europe? Check this podcast out on anchor.fm/hoc-podcast.
We’re finally in Southeast Asia – this episode traces the history of Malacca as a port under the Malacca Sultanate to the 1511 Portuguese conquest, marking the beginning of European colonisation in Southeast Asia.
Correia, Gaspar. Lendas da Índia (introduction and review by M. Lopes de Almeida). Porto: Lello e Irmão, 1975. (in Portuguese) Pissarra, José Virgilio Amaro. Chaul e Diu, 1508 – 1509: o domínio do índico. Batalhas de Portugal. Lisboa: Prefacio, 2002. (in Portuguese)
We look at the first Portuguese voyage to Asia, where Vasco da Gama and his crew sailed along the Cape Route for the first time and arrive in Calicut (located in modern day India) in 1498.
In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil on his way to India and claims it for Portugal. Two years later, Vasco da Gama sails to Calicut again. Their attempts to claim a slice of the lucrative trade profits in the region comes at a cost.
Subrahmanyam, Sanjay. The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. (unfortunately I couldn’t get my hands on this because of library closures during COVID-19, but this is a great biography on Vasco Da Gama and his legacy)
With recent news of the dismantling of statues of Christopher Columbus and various colonial figures, this episode comes at a timely moment. This is the story of a sailor encountering a portion of a population on another continent in 1492, and this very meeting would mark the beginnings of the devastation of one continent’s inhabitants and of Europeans gaining power and dominion over much of the world.